By air

Main international airports in Russia are: Moscow Domodedovo (DME) and St. Petersburg Pulkovo (LED).

The national carrier Aeroflot offers flights from many European countries to Russia. Aeroflot destinations include:
Austria (Vienna),
Belarus (Minsk),
Belgium (Brussels),
Bulgaria (Sofia),
Croatia (Split, Zagreb),
Cyprus (Larnaca),
Czech Republic (Prague, Ostrava, Brno, Kralovy Vary),
Denmark (Copenhagen),
Estonia (Tallinn),
Finland (Helsinki),
France (Paris, Nice),
Germany (Hanover, Frankfurt, Munich, Berlin, Hamburg, Dusseldorf),
Greece (Athens, Iraklion),
Italy (Milan, Nice, Venice, Rome),
Latvia (Riga),
Lithuania (Vilnius),
Netherlands (Amsterdam),
Norway (Oslo),
Poland (Warsaw),
Romania (Bucharest),
Serbia (Belgrade),
Slovakia (Bratislava, Koshice),
Slovenia (Ljubljana),
Spain (Barcelona, Madrid),
Sweden (Stockholm),
Switzerland (Geneva, Zurich),
Turkey (Istanbul, Antalya),
United Kingdom (London, Manchester).

Other airlines that offer flights to Russia include: Aegean Airlines, Air Baltic, Air Berlin, Air France, Air Italy, Air Malta, Alitalia, Austrian Airlines, bmi, British Airways, Brussels Airlines, Bulgaria Air, CSA, Finnair, Germanwings, Iberia, KLM, LOT, Lufthansa, Montenegro Airlines, Norwegian Air, SAS, Spanair, Swiss Air Lines and Turkish Airlines.

Moscow Airport: www.domodedovo.ru
St. Petersburg Airport: www.pulkovoairport.ru
Aeroflot schedules: www.aeroflot.ru

By sea

It is possible to get to Russia by ferry from Ukraine and Turkey.

By bus

Travelling to Russia by bus is a cheap option, however, the journey may be long. Travelling by bus from the Baltic countries lasts 7 to 10 hours, from Eastern Europe 20 to 24 hours and from Western Europe even 40 hours. Eurolines offers routes to Russia from many Europe countries.

Eurolines schedules: www.eurolines.ru

By train

Russia has direct rail connections with many European countries, including Germany, Poland, Finland and Latvia.

By car

The main border crossings of Russia with the European neighbouring countries are: Pechory and Ivangrod (Estonian border); Svetogorsk (Finnish border); Bagrationovsk, Gusev and Mamonovo (Polish border).


By bus/tram

Public transport in Russia is inexpensive. In major towns one can travel by buses, trams, trolleybuses and underground (the latter in St. Petersburg and Moscow). Tickets can be bought from shops or on board.

By taxi

Taxis can be found at taxi stands, hailed in the street or ordered by phone. Official taxis are painted yellow. It is recommended to negotiate the fare before starting the journey.

By car

Driving is on the right side of the road. International must be accompanied by the national driving license (if the national license is not in English, an authorized translation is required). Foreign drivers must also have insurance documents, car registration documents, visa and passport. Driver and passengers must wear seat belts. Speed limits: built-up areas – 60 km/h, open roads – 90 km/h, highways – 100 km/h. It is illegal to pick up hitchhikers. Mandatory equipment include: a first-aid kit, fire extinguisher and a warning triangle.